Do You Know? Countries That Have Moved Capitals

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There are several countries that have moved their capital cities. Here they are!


In 1999, Malaysia moved its capital or seat of government from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya. One of the reasons is because Kuala Lumpur is already very densely populated and to reduce traffic jams. The distance from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya is about 25 kilometers.

Although the seat of government moved, Kuala Lumpur remained the center of trade and residence of the king. Meanwhile, Putrajaya is designed as a city that uses energy, electricity, and water-saving technology.


In 1931, the Government of India moved the national capital from Kolkata to New Delhi. The location of New Delhi is considered more strategic. Before the new capital city was fully built, government and administrative offices had been moved one by one from Kolkata to New Delhi.


In 1960, Brazil moved its capital city from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia. One of the reasons for the relocation was that the city of Rio de Janeiro was densely populated and often jammed.

The Brazilian government has built the city of Brasilia in a modern way. The city was designed by the architect about 41 months in 1956. Due to its modern buildings, the City of Brasilia has been designated a world heritage site by UNESCO.

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In 1997, Kazakhstan moved its capital city from Almaty to Astana. The reasons for the relocation were, among others, geographical, economic, and environmental reasons. At that time, the City of Almaty was the center of economic activity and the largest population center in the country. The government of Kazakhstan specifically built the city of Astana which is more modern than other cities.


In 2005, Myanmar moved its capital city from Yangon to Naypyidaw. The reason for the relocation, among others, is that the location of Naypyidaw City is more strategic. The new capital of Myanmar is designed with magnificent and modern buildings.

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