Bahasa Inggris SMP Kelas 7: Introducing, Pronoun, and Family Member

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Introducing

What do you say when you meet someone for the first time? These expressions are used when you want to introduce yourself or introduce your friend to other people.

1. Self-Introduction
These are the expression to introduce yourself to other people first time:
– Let me introduce myself.
– My name is ….
– Allow me to introduce myself.
– I’d like to introduce myself.

Example:
Rania: Good morning, friends. My name is Rania. I’m a new student in this school. Nice to meet you, all. Let’s be good friends!
Students: Nice to meet you too, Rania.

2. Introducing others
These are the expressions to introduce other to another people:
– I’d like to introduce (you to) …
– Let me introduce (you to) …
– I’d like you to meet …
– This is …

Example:
Rania: Hi, Tiara. I’d like you to meet my classmate, Kirana. She will join the speaking club next wednesday. Kirana, this is TIara. She is our club leader.
Tiara: Hi, Retha. I’m Aulia. Nice to meet you.
Kirana: NIce to meet you too, Tiara.

3. Asking for and telling people’s name
The expression below is used to ask for someone’s name.

Asking for Someone’s NameResponses
– What is your name, please?– My name is/I am Andrean Wisnutama.
– What is your first name?– My first name is Andrean.
– How do you spell your name?– /eɪ/ – /en/ – /di:/ – /a:(r)/ – /i:/ – /eɪ/ – /en/
– Can I have your name?– Yes, of course. My name is Andrean Wisnutama.

4. Asking for and telling about people’s address
These are the expressions of asking for and telling about people’s address:

Asking for Someone’s AddressResponses
– Where do you live?– I live at 29 Jendral Soedirman Street, Surakarta.
– Where do you come from?– I come from Makassar.

When you ask about someone’s address, it is better for you to use prepositions. Now, we will learn the preposition of place. It is used to describe where someone or something is.

Preposition of PlaceExample
At: we use at for a point or a certain placeI live at Astro Street No.65, Surabaya.
I love studying at school.
In: we use iin for an enclosed space and geographical regionsI live in Surabaya.
My bicycle is in the garden.
On: we use on for a surface and public transportMy house is on Astro Street.
THis is my first time to be on the plane.

Example:
Rania: Hello, I’m Rania. What is your name?
Bagus: Hi, Rania. My name is Bagus
Rania: Where do you come from, Bagus?
Bagus: I come from Jakarta.
Rania: Wow, that’s far. Where do you live?
Bagus: I live at Pattimura Street no. 76, Surabaya.

Pronoun

Pronoun are words that take the place of nouns. So, we do not have to repeat names or things. It makes the sentence simpler and more effective. For example, in the sentence Josh saw Ash, and he waved at her. The pronoun he and her take place of Josh and Ash. There are threee types of pronouns: subjective pronoun, objective pronoun, and possessive pronoun. Possessive adjective is an adjective that is used to show ownership.
Look at the list of pronouns below!

SubjectiveObjective Possessive PronounPossessive Adjective
IMeMineMy
HeHimHisHis
SheHerHersHer
ItItItsIts
YouYouYoursYour
WeUsOursOur
TheyThemTheirsTheir

1. Subjective pronoun
Subjective pronoun are the simplest form of pronoun. It is used to replace the name of a subject, instead of repeating a noun.

Patterns:
S + to be + noun or S + to be + adjectives

Example:
He is an architect.
She is charming.
I am smart.

2. Objective pronoun
When a pronoun is used in a place of a noun that is the object of a sentence, we used the objective form of pronouns. These are me, you, him, her, it, them, and us.

Example:
– Give me some fruits.
I know her.
– Please join us.

3. Possessive pronoun
Possessive pronoun is a pronoun that derives from personal pronoun and denotes possession and analogous relationships.

Example:
– This book is mine.
– It is their plane. Ours is delayed.

4. Possessive adjectives
Possessive adjective is used to show possession of ownership of something. It comes before a noun in the sentence and lets us know whom the noun belongs.

Example:
My car is very luxurious.
Our cat is black.

Family Member

The member of our family is a definied group of relations, used in rules or laws to determine which members of a person’s family are affected by those rules. It normally includes a person’s parents, spouses, siblings, and children.

Family member consists of grandparents, great-grandparents, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nephews, and nieces.
Observe this table below!

Members of FamilyMeaning
FamilyKeluarga
FatherAyah
MotherIbu
GrandmotherKakek
GrandfatherNenek
HusbandSuami
WifeIstri
SonAnak kandung laki-laki
DaughterAnak kandung perempuan
BrotherSaudara laki-laki
SisterSaudara perempuan
AuntBibi
UnclePaman
CousinSepupu
NieceKeponakan perempuan
NephewKeponakan laki-laki

Look and learn the family tree!


Possessives with Apostrophe (‘) s
We can use ‘s (apostrophe s) to show ownership/possessions. However, when a name ends in ‘s’, you should put an apostrophe only.

Example:
– This book belongs to Varel. = It is Varel’s book.
– These pens belong to Sarah = They are Sarah’s pens.

Note:
Don’t confuse possessives with (‘) s with some concractions such as:
– Andi’s a soldier.
– How’s the thing work?
– My brother’s twenty two years old.
In this case, ‘s is the short form of “is” or “has”. In spoken question, it is the short form “does”. It is also used after “let”, as the short form of “let us”.
– Andi is a soldier
– My brother is twenty two years old.
– How does the thing work?
– Let us go swimming this afternoon.

Baca juga: Personal Pronoun

That some about introducing, pronoun, and family member. I hope this post can help.

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