Simple Past Future Tense

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Simple past future tense (future in the past) adalah suatu tense yang digunakan untuk membicarakan masa depan dari perspektif masa lalu seperti menyatakan suatu aksi yang dilakukan baik secara sukarela maupun yang direncanakan, membuat prediksi, dan membuat janji di masa depan pada saat berada di masa lalu. Tense ini juga sering digunakan pada reported speech.

Rumus:

Positive (Verbal):

  • S + would + bare infinitive
  • S + was/were + going to + bare infinitive

Positive (Nominal): S + would + be + Adj/noun/adverb
Negative (Verbal):

  • S + would + not + bare infinitive
  • S + was/were + not + going to + bare infinitive

Negative (Nominal): S + would + not + be + Adj/noun/adverb
Interrogative (Verbal):

  • Would + S + bare infinitive?
  • Was/were + S + going to + bare infinitive?

Interrogative (Nominal): Would + S + be + Adj/noun/adverb?

Baca Juga: Kalimat Verbal dan Nominal

Notes:

  • Was digunakan untuk I, she, he, it. Sedangkan were digunakan untuk you, they, dan we.
  • Bare infinitive adalah bentuk dasar V1 (tanpa to maupun s/es) seperti walk, buy, bring, go, think, dan sebagainya.

Contoh:

  • I wish you wouldn’t come to my house because I’m very busy.
  • She was going to keep telling me that I was right.
  • Would I meet you?
  • Was I going to buy you fried rice?

Penggunaan Simple Past Future Tense

Menyatakan suatu aksi yang akan dilakukan secara sukarela (would).

  • I knew you would help me to prepare everything related to the ceremony.
  • I knew they would prepare all the things for the farewell party. 

Menyatakan aksi yang direncanakan (was/were/going to).

  • I thought they were going to go to a bookstore.
  • She told that she was going to buy a new phone.

Digunakan untuk membuat janji (would).

  • My mother promised she would give me a new book.
  • He told me that he would come earlier to my birthday party.

Digunakan untuk membuat prediksi (would dan was/were/going to).

  • I thought they would wear their new uniforms.
  • Adian predicted that the laptop prize would go down.

Tenses Present Tense:

  1. Simple Present Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Tenses Past Tense:

  1. Simple Past Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Tenses Future Tense:

  1. Simple Future Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Tenses Past Future:

  1. Simple Past Future Tense
  2. Past Future Continuous Tense
  3. Past Future Perfect Tense
  4. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

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