Past Continuous Tense

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Past continuous tense adalah tense yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu aksi sedang terjadi pada waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Aksi tersebut telah dimulai tapi belum selesai pada saat itu.

Rumus:
Positive (Verbal): S + was/were + Ving + Complement
Positive (Nominal): S + was/were + being + Adj/noun/adverb
Negative (Verbal): S + was/were + not + Ving + Complement
Negative (Nominal): S + was/were + not + being + Adj/noun/adverb
Interrogative (Verbal): was/were + S + Ving + Complement?
Interrogative (Nominal): was/were + S + being + Adj/noun/adverb
?

Baca Juga: Kalimat Verbal dan Nominal

Notes:

  • Complement –> pelengkap kalimat seperti keterangan atau dapat berupa kata lain.
  • Was digunakan untuk I, she, he, it. Sedangkan were digunakan untuk you, they, dan we.

Contoh:

  • My children were playing football when I arrived home.
  • Adian was not drinking a cup of coffee when I saw him yesterday.
  • I was being tired at this time yesterday.
  • Was she studying?

Penggunaan Past Continuous Tense
Mengindikasikan sautu aksi yang terjadi selama momen tertentu di masa lampau (biasanya menggunakan at this time, yesterday, all day yesterday, in April, at … this morning).

  • I was watching television at this time yesterday (saya sedang menonton TV pada jam ini kemarin).
  • what was she doing at 5 a.m. this morning? (apa yang dia sedang lakukan pada pukul 5 pagi ini?)
  • We were reading books all day yesterday (kami sedang membaca buku sepanjang hari kemarin).

Untuk menunjukkan bahwa ada aksi berdurasi pendek (simple past tense) yang terjadi ketika suatu aksi berdurasi panjang (past continuous tense) sedang berlangsung (biasanya menggunakan when atau while).

  • My mother was cooking when I came home (ibu sedang memasak ketika saya pulang).
  • My sister was ordered some food while I was watching television (adik memesan makanan ketika saya sedang menonton TV).

Berfungsi untuk membahas sesuatu yang terjadi berulang-ulang dalam interval acak namun sebenarnya merupakan kebiasaan alami.

  • My neighbor was always playing music out loud (tetangga saya selalu memutar musik dengan keras).
  • My mother was always chasing stray cats off with his broom (ibu saya selalu mengusir kucing-kucing liar dengan sapunya).

Tense ini dapat digunakan bersamaan dengan kata kerja yang menunjukkan perubahan atau perkembangan (grow up, change, improve, go, evolve).

  • My dog was growing up quickly (anjing saya tumbuh dengan cepat).
  • This eraser was going so thin (penghapus ini menjadi sangat tipis).

Tenses Present Tense:

  1. Simple Present Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Tenses Past Tense:

  1. Simple Past Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Tenses Future Tense:

  1. Simple Future Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Tenses Past Future:

  1. Simple Past Future Tense
  2. Past Future Continuous Tense
  3. Past Future Perfect Tense
  4. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

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